Write A Note On The Land Revenue Administration Under The Mughals

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Write A Note On The Land Revenue Administration Under The Mughals

The land revenue administration under the Mughals was a system of taxation and land management that was implemented across the Mughal Empire in the Indian subcontinent. The Mughals were a Muslim dynasty that ruled over territory in the northern and central parts of the Indian subcontinent from the early 16th to the mid-19th century, and they relied heavily on land revenue as a source of income for their empire.

The Mughals implemented a system of land revenue assessment and collection that was based on the concept of “zamindari”, which referred to the rights of the state to collect revenue from the land. Under this system, the Mughals granted land to local landlords, known as “zamindars”, who were responsible for collecting revenue from the land and paying a portion of it to the state.

The Mughals also implemented a system of land classification, known as the “tarh-i-bandobast”, which was used to determine the amount of revenue that was to be collected from each piece of land. The classification was based on the fertility and productivity of the land, as well as the demand for the crops grown on it.

The Mughals also implemented a system of revenue administration that was responsible for collecting and managing land revenue. This system was headed by the “diwan”, who was the chief financial officer of the empire and included a number of officials at the local and regional levels.

The land revenue administration under the Mughals was generally efficient and effective, and it contributed significantly to the wealth and prosperity of the Mughal Empire. However, it was also criticized by some for being unfair and burdensome, as it often resulted in high levels of taxation for local communities and led to widespread discontent and resistance.

The land revenue administration under the Mughals was a key aspect of their rule in the Indian subcontinent and played a significant role in the economic and political development of the Mughal Empire. It was a complex and multifaceted system that was designed to effectively collect and manage land revenue, but it was also subject to criticism and resistance from local communities.

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