Write A Note On The D. Ross’s Idea Of Human Duties
David Ross (1877–1971) was a British philosopher who developed a system of moral duties, known as “prima facie duties”, which he believed should guide moral decision-making. According to Ross, there are certain duties that we have by virtue of being human, and these duties can be divided into two categories: absolute and imperfect.
Absolute duties are duties that we have a moral obligation to fulfil, regardless of the consequences. These duties are absolute and unconditional and include the duty not to harm others, the duty to keep promises, and the duty to respect the rights of others.
Imperfect duties are duties that are not complete and can be overridden in certain circumstances. These duties are based on the idea of promoting the overall good or well-being of society and include the duty to help others, the duty to be charitable, and the duty to contribute to the common good.
Ross believed that these duties should be used as a guide for making ethical decisions and that it is our responsibility to balance and weigh the various duties in order to determine the right course of action in any given situation. He argued that while it is important to fulfil our duties, it is also important to consider the overall consequences of our actions and to act in a way that promotes the overall good of society.