Write a note on the categories in Vaisesika Philosophy.

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Write a note on the categories in Vaisesika Philosophy.

The Vaishesika philosophy is an Indian philosophical system that is based on the belief that the universe is made up of an infinite number of eternal and indivisible substances called “dravyas.” According to this philosophy, there are nine categories or “padarthas” that make up the universe:

  1. Dravya: This refers to the substances that make up the universe, including physical substances such as earth, water, and air, as well as more abstract concepts like time and space.
  2. Guna: This refers to the qualities or attributes of dravya, such as color, taste, and smell.
  3. Karma: This refers to the actions or deeds that produce the consequences experienced by living beings in the present or future.
  4. Samanya: This refers to the general characteristics that are shared by all members of a particular class or category.
  5. Vishesha: This refers to the specific characteristics that distinguish one member of a class or category from another.
  6. Samavaya: This refers to the relationship between different substances or qualities, such as the relationship between a body and its attributes.
  7. Abhava: This refers to the absence or non-existence of something.
  8. Ananta: This refers to infinity or the limitless nature of the universe.
  9. Bhava: This refers to the coming into being or existence of something.

The Vaishesika philosophy is based on the belief that the universe is made up of these nine categories, and that knowledge of these categories can help us understand the nature of the universe and our place in it. This philosophy is often studied in conjunction with the Samkhya and Yoga philosophies, which focus on the nature of the self and the path to liberation.

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