What Were The Main Features Of The Administrative Organization Of The Mauryas

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What Were The Main Features Of The Administrative Organization Of The Mauryas

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The Maurya Empire, which was founded by Chandragupta Maurya in the 4th century BCE, was the first empire in India to be able to unite the entire subcontinent under a single rule. The Maurya Empire was known for its highly organized and centralized administration, which was instrumental in its success in governing such a large and diverse territory.

One of the main features of the Maurya administrative organization was the division of the empire into provinces or janapadas. Each janapada was governed by a governor, or prince, who was responsible for the administration and defence of the province. The governors were appointed by the emperor and were answerable to him for their actions.

Another important feature of the Maurya administrative organization was the use of a complex bureaucracy to manage the various functions of the state. This bureaucracy was divided into departments, each with its own specific responsibilities, such as revenue collection, law and justice, and public works. The bureaucracy was headed by a minister, or Mantri, who was appointed by the emperor and was responsible for overseeing the work of the various departments.

The Maurya administration also made use of a system of spies and informers to ensure the loyalty of the subjects and to maintain law and order throughout the empire. In addition, the Maurya army was divided into a number of different units, each with its own specific responsibilities, such as the infantry, cavalry, and elephants. The army was led by a commander-in-chief, or Senapati, who was appointed by the emperor and was responsible for the defence of the empire.

One of the main achievements of the Maurya administration was the development of a uniform system of weights and measures, which facilitated trade and commerce throughout the empire. The Mauryas also introduced a standardized coinage system, which helped to unify the economy of the empire and facilitated the collection of taxes.

The Maurya Empire was characterized by a highly centralized and efficient administration that played a crucial role in its success in unifying and governing the subcontinent. The division of the empire into provinces, the use of a complex bureaucracy, and the development of a uniform system of weights and measures were all important features of the Maurya administrative organization.

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