What are Affixes and its Types

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What are Affixes and its Types

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An affix is a morpheme that is added to a word to modify its meaning or function. Affixes can be divided into two main categories: prefixes and suffixes. A prefix is an affix that is added to the beginning of a word to create a new word with a different meaning. For example, the prefix “un-” can be added to the word “happy” to create the word “unhappy,” which means not happy. A suffix is an affix added to the end of a word to create a new word with a different meaning. For example, the suffix “-ly” can be added to the word “quick” to create the word “quickly,” which means in a quick manner.

There are several types of affixes that can be distinguished based on their function or the way they change the meaning of a word.

  1. Derivational affix
  2. Inflectional affix
  3. Mimetic affix
  4. Reduplicative affix

One type of affix is a derivational affix, which is used to create a new word that is different in meaning from the base word. Derivational affixes can be either prefixes or suffixes, and they can change the part of speech of a word. For example, the suffix “-ation” can be added to the verb “activate” to create the noun “activation,” which refers to the act of activating something.

Another type of affix is an inflectional affix, which is used to indicate grammatical information such as tense, number, or case. Inflectional affixes do not change the part of speech of a word, but they do indicate the role that a word plays in a sentence. Inflectional affixes can be either prefixes or suffixes, and they are often used to indicate tense or number. For example, the suffix “-ed” can be added to the verb “walk” to create the past tense form “walked,” and the suffix “-s” can be added to the noun “dog” to create the plural form “dogs.”

The third type of affix is a mimetic affix used to represent sounds or ideas through onomatopoeia. Mimetic affixes are often used in poetry or children’s literature to create words that mimic the sounds of animals or objects. For example, the prefix “oink-” can be added to the word “pig” to create the word “oink,” which represents the sound that a pig makes.

The fourth type of affix is a reduplicative affix, which is used to repeat a part of a word for emphasis or to create a new word with a different meaning. Reduplicative affixes are often used in casual or colloquial language, and they can be either prefixes or suffixes. For example, the prefix “slam-” can be added to the word “dunk” to create the word “slamdunk,” which means to dunk in a powerful or impressive way.

Affixes can also be classified according to the type of change they produce in the meaning of a word. One type of affix is a semantically productive affix, which is used to create new words in a language. Semantically productive affixes are often used in technical or scientific writing, and they can be either prefixes or suffixes. For example, the prefix “bio-” can be added to the word “energy” to create the word “bioenergy,” which refers to energy produced by living organisms.

Another type of affix is a semantically nonproductive affix, which is used to create new words in a language, but which is no longer used in the same way as it was in the past. Semantically nonproductive


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