The Swaraj Party, also known as the Indian National Party, was a political party in India that was formed in 1923 by leaders of the Indian National Congress who were dissatisfied with the Congress’s policy of non-cooperation with the British government. The party advocated for the achievement of self-rule or “Swaraj” for India through constitutional means, as opposed to the non-violent resistance advocated by Congress.
The Swaraj Party Was That Of “Responsible Government”
One of the key political ideas of the Swaraj Party was that of “responsible government”, which called for the transfer of power from the British government to an elected Indian government. This was to be achieved through the use of constitutional methods, such as elections and parliamentary debates, rather than through non-violent resistance. The party believed that the British government could be persuaded to transfer power to an elected Indian government if Indian politicians were able to demonstrate their ability to govern effectively and responsibly.
The Swaraj Party Was The “Constructive Programme”
Another key political idea of the Swaraj Party was the “constructive programme”, which aimed to address the social and economic issues facing India through practical and constructive measures. This included the promotion of education, sanitation, and public health, as well as the development of agriculture and industry. The party believed that addressing these issues would help to build support for the cause of self-rule and would demonstrate the ability of Indians to govern effectively and responsibly.
Advocated For The Protection Of The Rights Of Minorities
The Swaraj Party also advocated for the protection of the rights of minorities, particularly Muslims, and for the promotion of communal harmony. They believed that the protection of minority rights was essential for the achievement of self-rule and for the maintenance of a stable and peaceful society. The party also opposed the British government’s policy of divide and rule, which aimed to divide the Indian population along religious and ethnic lines.
Opposed The British Government’s Economic Policies
The Swaraj Party also opposed the British government’s economic policies, which they believed were exploitative and detrimental to India’s economic development. They called for the protection of Indian industries and for the promotion of Indian trade and commerce. They also advocated for the improvement of the living conditions of the rural poor and for the abolition of the zamindari system, which was a land tenure system that allowed landlords to collect rent from tenants.
Advocated For The Reform Of The Indian Civil Service
The Swaraj Party also advocated for the reform of the Indian civil service and for the introduction of a system of parliamentary democracy in India. They believed that the Indian civil service should be staffed by Indians and that it should be accountable to the Indian parliament. They also called for the introduction of a system of parliamentary democracy, which would allow for the participation of the Indian people in the government of their own country.
The Swaraj Party was a political party in India that was formed in 1923 by leaders of the Indian National Congress who were dissatisfied with the Congress’s policy of non-cooperation with the British government. The party advocated for the achievement of self-rule or “Swaraj” for India through constitutional means, it emphasized “responsible government”, “constructive programme”, protection of minority rights, economic policies and reform of Indian civil service and parliamentary democracy. The party played a significant role in shaping the political discourse of the time and in laying the foundation for the eventual independence of India from British rule.