The Features Of The Agrarian Order And Revenue Organization Of The Cholas During The 9th To 13th Centuries

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The Features Of The Agrarian Order And Revenue Organization Of The Cholas During The 9th To 13th Centuries

The Cholas, a powerful dynasty that ruled in South India during the 9th to 13th centuries, had a well-organized agrarian order and revenue organization. The Cholas built a centralized administrative system that effectively controlled the land and resources of the kingdom, thus promoting economic growth and stability.

The Feature of agrarian order and revenue organization are as follows:

System of land measurement and assessment of land revenue.

the Chola agrarian order was the existence of a highly organized system of land measurement and assessment of land revenue. The Cholas conducted regular land surveys, which were used to assess the productivity of the land and to fix the land revenue. The land revenue was collected by the state through a system of intermediaries, such as village headmen and revenue officials. This system helped to ensure a steady flow of income for the state and helped to promote stability and predictability in revenue collection.

A system of land grants

the Chola agrarian order was the existence of a system of land grants. The Cholas, as a practice, awarded land grants to individuals and institutions, such as temples and Brahmanas, in return for services rendered to the state. These land grants were inalienable and the holders of these lands were not subject to the payment of land revenue. This system helped to create a class of landed gentry who were loyal to the state and provided a source of revenue and support for the state.

Water management

The Cholas also had a well-organized system of water management, which helped to improve agricultural productivity. The Cholas built a large number of dams, canals, and other irrigation works, which helped to increase the availability of water for irrigation. This helped to improve agricultural productivity and to promote economic growth.

System of trade and commerce

The Cholas also had a well-organized system of trade and commerce. The Cholas built a network of roads and ports, which helped to facilitate trade and commerce. They also had a well-developed system of coinage, which helped to facilitate trade and commerce. The Cholas actively engaged in international trade, importing goods such as horses, elephants, and precious metals, and exporting goods such as textiles, spices, and precious stones. The Cholas also had a well-developed system of marketplaces, where various goods were traded and sold. These marketplaces were regulated by the state, and there were strict laws and regulations in place to prevent fraud and ensure fair trade.

System of labour taxes

The Cholas also had a system of labour taxes, which were imposed on the population for public works projects such as the construction of roads, irrigation systems, and temples. These labour taxes helped to provide a source of revenue for the state and helped to promote the growth of public works projects.

The Cholas, a powerful dynasty that ruled in South India during the 9th to 13th centuries, had a well-organized agrarian order and revenue organization. The Cholas built a centralized administrative system that effectively controlled the land and resources of the kingdom, thus promoting economic growth and stability. They had a highly organized system of land measurement and assessment of land revenue, a system of land grants, a well-organized system of water management, a well-developed system of trade and commerce, a well-developed system of marketplaces, and a system of labour taxes. These features of the Chola agrarian order and revenue organization helped to ensure a steady flow of income for the state, promote stability and predictability in revenue collection, and contribute to the growth and prosperity of the empire.

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