Outline The Theoretical Background To The New Agricultural Strategy.
India’s agricultural strategy has undergone significant changes in recent years, with a focus on increasing productivity and ensuring food security for the country’s large and growing population.
One of the key components of the new agricultural strategy is the promotion of modern farming techniques and technologies. This includes the use of high-yielding crop varieties, precision farming, and irrigation systems, as well as the mechanization of key farming activities such as planting, harvesting, and post-harvest processing.
In addition to promoting modern farming techniques, the government has also implemented a number of policies and programs to support farmers and increase the profitability of agriculture. This includes the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana, a crop insurance scheme that provides financial support to farmers in case of crop failure, as well as the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana, which aims to expand irrigation coverage and improve the efficiency of water use in agriculture.
Another key element of the new agricultural strategy is the emphasis on diversification and value addition in agriculture. This includes the promotion of horticultural crops and non-food crops such as biofuels and fibres, as well as the development of agro-processing industries to add value to agricultural products.
The government has also implemented a number of measures to support the marketing and distribution of agricultural products, with a focus on developing market infrastructure and improving access to markets for farmers. This includes the creation of farmers’ markets, the establishment of e-marketplaces for agricultural products, and the development of rural agri-business hubs.
In order to support farmers, the government also launched various schemes like the Kisan Credit Card Scheme which enables farmers to get loan at a lower interest rate and with easy repayment options.
In addition, the government has also taken steps to address some of the structural challenges facing the agricultural sector, such as low productivity, lack of access to credit and markets, and lack of land and water resources. This includes programs to support land development, soil and water conservation, and rural electrification, as well as initiatives to improve access to credit and extension services for farmers.
However, it’s also important to note that India’s agriculture faces a number of challenges such as a lack of consistent policy, inadequate support for infrastructure and R&D, and poor management of resources like water, the new agricultural strategy has been focused on addressing these challenges and creating a sustainable and profitable agricultural sector.
In summary, the new agricultural strategy in India aims to increase productivity and profitability in the sector by promoting modern farming techniques and technologies, supporting farmers through policies and programs, and diversifying and adding value to agricultural products. The government also focuses on structural challenges such as low productivity, lack of access to credit and market, and lack of land and water resources to ensure that the sector is sustainable and profitable in the long term.
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