Discuss The Town Planning, Drainage And Architectural Features Of Harappan Civilization

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Discuss The Town Planning, Drainage And Architectural Features Of the Harappan Civilization

The Indus Valley Civilization, also known as the Harappan Civilization, was an ancient civilization that flourished in the Indus Valley region in what is now Pakistan and northwest India from about 2500 BCE to 1900 BCE. It is one of the oldest and most advanced urban civilizations in the world, and it is notable for its well-planned cities and towns, sophisticated drainage systems, and wide variety of architectural styles.

One of the most striking features of the Harappan Civilization was its urban planning. The cities and towns of the Indus Valley were carefully planned and organized, with a grid-like layout of streets and buildings. The streets were often lined with drains or covered with brick or stone paving, and the houses were built with baked brick or stone and were often decorated with intricate carvings and designs.

The Harappans also had a highly sophisticated system of drainage and sewage. They built complex systems of drains and sewage channels to carry waste away from the cities and towns and into the surrounding countryside. These channels were lined with brick or stone and were covered with slabs or bricks to keep them in place. The Harappans also used manholes and inspection chambers to allow for the maintenance and repair of the drains.

In terms of architecture, the Harappan Civilization was notable for its use of baked brick and stone in the construction of buildings. The Harappans used a variety of architectural styles, including the use of arches, columns, and domes in their buildings. They also used a variety of decorative techniques, including the use of carved stone and plaster reliefs, painted murals, and inlaid mosaics.

The town planning, drainage, and architectural features of the Harappan Civilization were highly advanced and demonstrated a high level of technical and engineering skills. These features were an important part of the civilization’s success and helped to make it one of the most prosperous and influential civilizations of the ancient world.

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