Discuss the provisions of Articles 325 and 326.

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Discuss the provisions of Articles 325 and 326.

Articles 325 and 326 of the Indian Constitution deal with the right to vote and the conduct of elections in the country.

Article 325 states that no person shall be disqualified for inclusion in, or for not being included in, an electoral roll on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, or education. This provision aims to ensure that all citizens, regardless of their background, have an equal right to participate in the electoral process. This provision is significant because it guarantees that every citizen has an equal right to participate in the electoral process, regardless of their religion, race, caste, sex, or education. This provision is in line with the principles of equality and non-discrimination that are fundamental to the Constitution. It helps to ensure that the electoral process is inclusive and that the representation in the elected bodies is reflective of the diversity of the population.

Article 326 lays out the framework for the conduct of elections to the Lok Sabha (House of the People) and the State Legislative Assemblies. It provides that the elections shall be based on adult suffrage, which means that every citizen who is 18 years of age or above on the qualifying date and is not otherwise disqualified under the Constitution or any law made by the Parliament, shall be entitled to vote. This provision is significant because it guarantees that every citizen who is 18 years of age or above has the right to vote, regardless of their economic, social, or educational background. This provision is in line with the principle of universal adult suffrage, which is a cornerstone of democratic societies. It helps to ensure that the representation in the elected bodies is reflective of the will of the people.

Article 326 also provides for the election of members of the Lok Sabha and the State Legislative Assemblies to be held by the system of proportional representation using the single transferable vote. This system of voting is used to ensure that the allocation of seats in the elected body is proportional to the number of votes received by each political party or candidate. This system of voting helps to ensure that smaller political parties and independent candidates are not disadvantaged and that the representation in the elected body is more reflective of the diversity of views and opinions in the population.

Article 326 also empowers the Parliament to make laws concerning all matters relating to or in connection with the elections to the Parliament and the State Legislative Assemblies. This provision is significant because it gives the Parliament the power to make laws and regulations to govern the conduct of elections. This includes laws related to the registration of voters, the conduct of polls, the counting of votes, and the declaration of results. This provision helps to ensure that the conduct of elections is transparent, free and fair and that the outcome of the elections is accepted by all.

In conclusion, Articles 325 and 326 of the Indian Constitution provide for the right to vote and the conduct of elections in the country. Article 325 ensures that no person shall be disqualified for inclusion in, or for not being included in, an electoral roll on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, or education, while Article 326 lays out the framework for the conduct of elections to the Lok Sabha and State Legislative Assemblies.

BPSE -212/EPS-12: Government and Politics in India Solved Assignment


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