Discuss The Main Features Of Post-industrial Society.

Spread the love

Rate this post

Discuss The Main Features Of Post-industrial Society.

Post-industrial society is a stage of societal development that is characterized by a shift from a manufacturing-based economy to a service-based economy, as well as the increasing importance of information and computerization. The term was first coined by Alain Touraine in 1971 and has been further developed by sociologists such as Daniel Bell and Manuel Castells. Some of the main features of the post-industrial society include:

Shift from manufacturing to service-based economy: In a post-industrial society, the manufacturing sector becomes less dominant and is replaced by the service sector as the main source of economic growth. This includes industries such as healthcare, education, finance, and tourism.

The increasing importance of knowledge and information: In post-industrial society, knowledge and information become increasingly valuable and important for economic growth and innovation. This leads to the growth of the information and communication technology (ICT) sector, as well as the rise of professions that require high levels of education and expertise.

The decline of manual labour: With the shift from manufacturing to service-based industries, there is a decline in the demand for manual labour and an increase in the demand for skilled and educated workers. This leads to a decline in the relative wages and status of manual labourers compared to those in the service sector.

Rise of the creative class: In a post-industrial society, there is a growing demand for workers who can think creatively and solve problems. These workers, known as the “creative class,” are highly educated and often work in fields such as science, technology, engineering, and the arts.

Globalization and international trade: Post-industrial society is characterized by increased globalization and international trade, as advanced communication and transportation technologies make it easier for businesses to operate on a global scale. This leads to the growth of multinational corporations and the interdependence of different countries economies.

Growing income inequality: In a post-industrial society, there is often a widening gap between the rich and the poor, as those with high levels of education and expertise are able to command higher salaries and those with lower levels of education may struggle to find well-paying jobs.

Changes in family and work structures: Post-industrial society also sees changes in the traditional family and work structures. With more women entering the workforce and an increasing number of people working in service-based industries, the traditional nuclear family model may be replaced by alternative family structures. There may also be an increase in non-traditional work arrangements, such as freelancing and telecommuting.

Environmental concerns: As the economy shifts from manufacturing to service-based industries, there may be a decrease in pollution and other negative environmental impacts. However, post-industrial society also faces new environmental challenges, such as climate change and the depletion of natural resources.

Changes in social and cultural values: Post-industrial society is often associated with a shift towards more individualistic and diverse cultural values, as people have more freedom and choice in their personal and professional lives. There may also be a decline in traditional institutions and authority figures, as people have more access to information and are able to challenge traditional ways of thinking.

Post-industrial society is characterized by a shift away from a manufacturing-based economy and towards a service-based economy, with growing importance on knowledge, information, and creativity. This leads to changes in a traditional family and work structures, as well as growing income inequality and environmental concerns. There are also changes in social and cultural values, as people have more freedom and choice in their personal and professional lives and traditional institutions and authority figures may decline.

This article can also be helpful for…


Spread the love

Leave a Comment