Discuss Pararthanumana in Nyaya Philosophy

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Discuss Pararthanumana in Nyaya Philosophy.

Pararthanumana is a concept in Nyaya philosophy that refers to the process of inferring the existence of an object or phenomenon based on previous experiences or observations. It is one of the four sources of knowledge recognized by Nyaya, along with pratyaksha (perception), upamana (comparison), and sabda (word).

According to Nyaya, the process of pararthanumana involves making an inference about the existence of an object or phenomenon based on previous experiences or observations. This process involves the use of a logical chain of reasoning, starting with a known premise and leading to a conclusion about the existence of an object or phenomenon.

For example, if a person sees smoke rising from a mountain, they may infer that there is a fire on the mountain based on their previous experiences of seeing smoke and fire together. This inference is made using the logical chain of reasoning: “Where there is smoke, there is fire.”

Pararthanumana is seen as a reliable source of knowledge because it is based on previous experiences or observations, which are considered to be reliable sources of information. However, Nyaya recognizes that pararthanumana is subject to certain limitations and can be prone to error. For example, the conclusion of an inference may be based on incomplete or incorrect information, leading to a false or incorrect conclusion.

One of the main criticisms of pararthanumana is that it relies on the assumption that the past will always be similar to the present and the future. However, this assumption is not always true, as the world is constantly changing and the past may not always be a reliable guide to the present and future.

Now we can say, pararthanumana is a concept in Nyaya philosophy that refers to the process of inferring the existence of an object or phenomenon based on previous experiences or observations. It is seen as a reliable source of knowledge, but is subject to certain limitations and can be prone to error.


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