Difference Between Direct and Indirect Observation in Research

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Difference Between Direct and Indirect Observation in Research

Observation is a research method used in psychology and other social sciences to gather information about behavior, events, and phenomena. There are two main types of observation: direct observation and indirect observation.

Direct observation involves observing behavior or events directly, either in person or through the use of technology such as video cameras. This type of observation allows the researcher to see and record the behavior or events as they occur in real-time, providing a detailed and accurate record of what happened.

Indirect observation involves gathering information about behavior or events through means other than directly observing them. This can include collecting data from records, reports, or other documents, or by asking people about their behavior or experiences. Indirect observation is less accurate and detailed than direct observation, but may be more convenient or practical in certain situations.

The choice between direct and indirect observation depends on the research question, the goals of the study, and the resources and time available. Direct observation is generally considered to be a more reliable and valid research method, as it allows for a more accurate and detailed record of behavior or events. However, indirect observation may be more feasible in certain situations, such as when it is not possible or ethical to observe behavior directly.

BPC-003 Solved Assignment Research Methods in Psychology


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