Describe the different stages of the Civil Disobedience Movement

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Describe the different stages of the Civil Disobedience Movement

The Civil Disobedience Movement in India was a political movement launched by Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress in the 1930s to protest against British rule in India. The movement was characterized by nonviolent protests and acts of civil disobedience and was aimed at forcing the British government to grant independence to India. The Civil Disobedience Movement in India was a significant event in the country’s struggle for independence and played a key role in the eventual transfer of power to the Indian people.

The Civil Disobedience Movement in India can be divided into three main stages:

The first stage (1930-1934): The first stage of the Civil Disobedience Movement began with the Salt Satyagraha in 1930, in which Gandhi led a march to the sea to protest against the British monopoly on salt production. This was followed by a series of protests and acts of civil disobedience, including the boycott of foreign goods and the refusal to pay taxes. The British government responded to the protests with a crackdown, and thousands of activists, including Gandhi, were arrested.

The second stage (1934-1939): The second stage of the Civil Disobedience Movement was marked by a lull in activity, as the Indian National Congress focused on internal reforms and the formation of a united front against the British. However, the movement regained momentum in 1939, when Gandhi launched the Quit India Movement, which called for the immediate withdrawal of the British from India. This was followed by widespread protests and acts of civil disobedience, and the British government responded with a crackdown, arresting thousands of activists.

Third stage (1942-1947): The third stage of the Civil Disobedience Movement began with the launch of the Quit India Movement in 1942, and was marked by intense anti-British sentiment and widespread acts of civil disobedience. The British government responded with a crackdown, and many activists, including Gandhi, were arrested. The movement reached its climax in 1947 when India achieved independence from British rule.

The Civil Disobedience Movement in India was a significant event in the country’s struggle for independence and played a key role in the eventual transfer of power to the Indian people. The movement was characterized by nonviolent protests and acts of civil disobedience and was aimed at forcing the British government to grant independence to India. The movement was led by Gandhi and the Indian National Congress and was supported by a wide range of political and social groups across India. The movement was successful in achieving its goals and paved the way for the establishment of a free and independent India.

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