Analyse The Ideological And Economic Impetus Behind The Emergence Of Modern International Relations.

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Analyse The Ideological And Economic Impetus Behind The Emergence Of Modern International Relations.

The emergence of modern international relations as a distinct field of study is closely tied to the political and economic changes of the early 20th century, specifically the emergence of the nation-state and the global shift towards industrialization and capitalism.

Ideologically, the emergence of modern international relations is closely tied to the rise of nationalism and liberal thought. Nationalism, which emphasizes the idea of a distinct and sovereign nation, is central to the idea of the nation-state, which is the dominant political unit in the modern international system. Liberalism, with its emphasis on individual rights and free markets, also played a key role in shaping international relations as it emerged as a dominant political and economic ideology during this period.

Economically, the emergence of modern international relations is closely tied to the rise of industrialization and capitalism. The shift towards industrialization and capitalism led to a dramatic increase in economic interdependence between nations, as countries began to rely on each other for raw materials and markets for their manufactured goods. This economic interdependence led to a growing recognition of the need for international cooperation and the development of international institutions, such as the World Trade Organization, to govern and regulate international economic relations.

The emergence of the nation-state as the dominant political unit and the shift towards industrialization and capitalism also led to the rise of imperialism and colonialism. Many European countries sought to establish overseas empires in order to gain access to raw materials and markets for their manufactured goods. This competition for resources and markets led to tensions and conflicts between European nations, and ultimately to the two World Wars.

The aftermath of World War II was a critical juncture that catalyzed the emergence of modern international relations and its predominant approaches: realism and liberalism. Realism, which emphasizes the role of power in international relations, was developed in response to the military conflicts and tensions between nations that characterized the early 20th century. Liberalism, which emphasizes the role of cooperation and international institutions in maintaining peace and security, was developed in response to the devastation of World War II and the belief that a new system of international cooperation was needed to prevent future wars.

In summary, the emergence of modern international relations as a distinct field of study is closely tied to the political and economic changes of the early 20th century, specifically the emergence of the nation-state, the global shift towards industrialization and capitalism, the rise of imperialism and colonialism, the two World Wars and its aftermath. These events provided the ideological and economic impetus for the development of the field, with key theories and approaches, such as realism and liberalism, emerging in response to the political and economic challenges of the time.

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